Happy 19 May Youth and Sports Day of the Turkish nation. Exactly 104 years ago, Gazi Mustafa Kemal took the first step of the way to the National Struggle by going to Samsun with the Bandırma Ferry on the order of Sultan Vahdettin.
After the Armistice of Mudros, signed on October 30, 1918, Izmir was occupied by the Greeks, Adana by the French, Antalya and Konya by the Italians. British soldiers landed in Urfa, Maraş, Antep, Merzifon and Samsun, and the British Navy anchored in front of Istanbul on 13 November 1918.
Returning to Istanbul on November 3, 1918 from the Yıldırım Armies Group Command, Mustafa Kemal made plans for liberation in Istanbul, where he stayed for six months.
The Greeks in Samsun and its surroundings wanted to open the region to the occupation of the Allied Powers in accordance with the 7th article of the Mondros Armistice Agreement, by taking the British who landed soldiers in Samsun behind them on March 17-18, 1919 and causing chaos with their gang raids.
The British High Commissioner and the Black Sea Army Commandership, which was worried when the Turkish people tried to organize to defend themselves and protect their life and property against these tricks of the Greeks, gave a note to the Istanbul Government on April 21, 1919, demanding that the tension in the region be calmed and the so-called attacks against the Greeks be prevented. .
Mustafa Kemal set out
Mustafa Kemal, who was appointed as the 9th Army Inspector to ensure order in the region, set off on the Bandırma Ferry the day after 15 May 1919, when İzmir was occupied.
Mustafa Kemal and his friends took their first steps to Samsun from Reji Pier. During the First World War, all the piers of the city were bombed by the Russians, but only the Reji (Tekel administration) Pier belonging to the French remained intact. The French were producing cigarettes in a factory established in Samsun at that time, so the name of the pier was also referred to as the Tobacco Pier.
His arrival disturbed
The arrival of the Great Leader Atatürk in Samsun created uneasiness in the British. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who stayed in Samsun for 6 days, went to Havza on 25 May.
On the way to Kurtuluş, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk’s second stop was Havza. The first rally was also held in Havza. The occupation of İzmir was protested at the rally, which was held by the order of Mustafa Kemal Pasha.
Mustafa Kemal, whose next stop will be Amasya, took important steps for the National Struggle in Havza for 18 days. Atatürk was dismissed from the Ninth Army Inspectorate with the pressure of the British, who were aware of the activity in Havza. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk bid farewell to the people of Havza as a civilian.
The National Struggle torch, which was lit by Gazi Mustafa Kemal and his comrades in Samsun, was lit in Amasya, Erzurum and Sivas, respectively, and spread throughout the country. The Republic of Turkey, which was founded on October 29, 1923, at the end of the National Struggle, is turning 100 this year.