TURKSTAT, Urban-Rural Population Statistics, published 2022 data.
Accordingly, as of December 31, 2022, 57 million 934 thousand 583 people live in settlements classified as dense cities, which constitute only 1.6 percent of the total area of the country. In other words, 67.9 percent of Türkiye’s population resides in these settlements.
While 17.3 percent of the total population resides in settlements that are classified as rural and constitute 93.5 percent of Turkey’s surface area, 14.8 percent of the population resides in settlements that are classified as medium-density cities and constitute 4.9 percent of the country’s surface area. was found to reside.
On the other hand, looking at the distribution by gender, it was seen that 49.7 percent of the population residing in areas classified as dense urban areas were men and 50.3% were women. 50.3% of the residents of the medium-density urban areas are men, 49.7 percent are women; On the other hand, 51.4% of those residing in areas classified as rural were men and 48.6% were women.
30 percent of the elderly population resides in rural areas
It was observed that 30.1 percent of the population aged 65 and over, which constitutes 9.9 percent of the total population of the country, resided in settlements classified as rural. While 14.6 percent of the elderly population is living in areas classified as medium-density cities; 55.3 percent of them were those living in areas classified as dense urban areas.
70% of the working-age population lives in dense urban areas.
Among the 15-64 age group working age population, which constitutes 68.1 percent of Turkey’s population, 69.2 percent of the population live in densely populated urban areas. While the rate of those residing in areas classified as medium-density cities within the total population in this age group is 14.7 percent; The rate of those residing in areas classified as rural was 16.1 percent.
It was observed that 69.7 percent of the 0-14 age group, defined as the child population, resided in areas classified as dense urban areas, 15.3 percent in areas classified as medium-dense urban, and 15 percent in rural areas.
Istanbul, the most crowded busy city
The province with the highest proportion of people living in areas classified as dense cities was Istanbul.
According to the Address Based Population Registration System (ADNKS) 2022 results, 96.4 percent of the residents of Istanbul, which is the province with the highest population, are classified as dense urban, 2.7 percent as medium-dense urban and 0.9 percent as rural. found to live in settlements. It was observed that 88.3 percent of the residents of Ankara, the province with the second largest population in Turkey, live in dense urban areas, 7.6 percent in medium-dense urban areas and 4.1 percent in rural settlements. 78.6 percent of the residents of Izmir, which ranks third in terms of population size, live in dense urban areas, 12.2 percent in medium-dense urban areas and 9.1 percent in rural settlements.
Artvin, the most populous city as a medium dense city
The provinces with the highest proportion of population residing in settlements classified as medium-density cities were Artvin with 58.1 percent, Bayburt with 57.9 percent and Sinop with 57.3 percent, respectively. On the other hand, the provinces with the lowest proportion of population residing in settlements classified as medium-density cities were Kilis with 1.6 percent, Istanbul with 2.7 percent and Eskişehir with 6.5 percent, respectively.
Ardahan, the busiest province in rural class
The province with the highest proportion of the population residing in settlements classified as rural was Ardahan with 68.4 percent. Ardahan was followed by Tunceli with 60.3 percent and Bartın with 54.2 percent. The provinces with the lowest proportion of residents in rural areas were Istanbul with 0.9 percent, Ankara with 4.1 percent and Kocaeli with 4.7 percent, respectively.